Parts of Bike – Bike Components Every beginner Should Know

If it is your beginning to mountain biking, you may have wondered what the parts of the bike are. Parts of Bike – Bike Components Every beginner Should Know.

There is no need to study everything you will occasionally learn overtime right now. The more you ride the roads and hang out with other MTBers, the more you will learn naturally.

As for your riding skills, there is a natural progression in your knowledge that will increase with time and experience. So, if you don’t have the initiative to distinguish between gears, sprockets, cranks, and cassettes, it’s not that significant.

It is good to study all that. Consult this elementary guide of bicycle parts and elements.

Parts of the Bike


This is the part where a cyclist puts his feet. The pedal is attached to the crank, so the rider turns the chain, providing the bike’s capacity. Look at this quick guide.

Front derailleur

The mechanism to change the front gears by lifting the chain from one chain wheel to another; makes it easier for the rider to adjust to road conditions.

Chain (or drive chain)

Group of metal links that mesh with the sprockets on the chain wheel and the gear wheel to communicate the pedaling movement to the rear wheel.


A tube that connects the pedal and crank mechanism to the rear wheel hub

Rear derailleur

The mechanism to change the rear gears by lifting the chain from one sprocket to another; makes it easier for the rider to adjust to road conditions.

Rear brake

A brake cable enables the mechanism. This consists of a caliper and returns springs. You must order a few brake pads against the side walls to stop the bike.

Seat tube

Parts of the bike frame is subtly tilted towards the rear, receiving the seat article and joining the pedal mechanism.

Stool stay

The tube that connects the top of the stool tube to the rear wheel hub

Seat article

Ingredient to accompany and fix the stool, inserted at variable depth in the stool tube to change the seat’s height


Reduced triangular stool attached to the bike frame


The horizontal part of the frame connected the steering tube with the stool tube and stabilized the structure.

Drop tube

Part of the frame connects the steering tube to the pedal mechanism; it is the largest and bulkiest tube in the structure and gives it its rigidity.

Tire valve

A small shut-off valve seals the inner tube; it facilitates air entry but prevents it from escaping.


Fine metal spindle connecting the hub to the rim.


Composition of cotton and rubber-coated steel fibers, mounted on the tires to form the inner tube’s structure.


The metal circle that forms the circumference of the wheel and on which the tire is mounted


The center part of the wheel. From which the spokes radiate. Inside the hub, there are ball bearings that accept you to turn close to your axle.


Two tubes connected to the steering tube and attached to each front wheel hub radical

Front brake

Mechanism enabled by a brake cable, comprising a caliper and return springs; it commands a few brake pads against the side walls to reduce the front wheel’s agility.

Brake lever

A lever connected to the handlebar to turn on the brake caliper using a cable


Tube with ball bearings to communicate the movement of the direction to the fork.


The height-adjustable part is inserted into the head tube and supports the handlebar.


Gadget consisting of two handles connected by a tube for the steering of the bike

Brake cable

It endorsed a steel cable that transmits the pressure exerted on the brake lever to the brake.


Lever for changing gears using a cable that moves the derailleur.

Optional Bicycle Parts

Finger clip

We are talking about a metal/plastic/leather gadget attached to the pedals that cover the feet’ front, keeping the feet in the correct position and increasing the traffic capacity.


A gadget that returns light to its source so that other individuals on the road can see the cyclist.


The curved metal covers parts of the bike wheel to ensure the cyclist is not splashed by water.

Carrier (also popular as a rear rack)

Gadget attached to the back of the bike to carry bags on each side and packs on top

Tire pump

A gadget that compresses air and is used to inflate the tube inside a bicycle tire.

Water bottle clip

A substance is attached to the downpipe or stool tube for transporting the water bottle.


The lamp illuminates the ground a few meters in front of the bike.

Derailleur hanger

Apart from in the rear toe to which the gearbox is fixed.

Cartridge bearing

a bearing that the user cannot recompose, but that must be replaced as a unit

Mountain Bike Frames

The bike engine parts are a group of metal tubes that have been welded together to make a cohesive body.

Headtube is at the front of the bike and is where the cabin and the front fork meet.

Parts of Bike – Bike Components Every beginner Should Know

The upper tube is, well, at the top of the frame, while the lower line descends from the head tube to the lower support.

The lower stanchion is the hole you see at the bottom of the frame where the crankset’s axle is inserted. Finally, the front triangle is terminated by the seat tube, the tube into which the seat post is inserted.

Mountain Bike Components

Anyone with the most basic exposure to cycling knows what these parts are. You may not yet understand how they work or how to repair or replace them, but they have to be familiar enough not to require any laborious explanation.

The handlebars and everything that is mounted on them are commonly referred to collectively as the cockpit.

Handlebars need to have an optimal pair of grips to hold your hands in different environments and conditions.

On most bikes, you’ll find the rear brake lever and the gear shift lever mounted on the handlebar near the right handgrip. So, there are some rules! The front brake lever and the front shift lever are mounted on the handlebar near the left handgrip.

You may not find a front gear on an upgraded mountain bike since many have only one bag in the front; this is called a 1x transmission. The handlebars of a bike are connected to the front fork with a part called the capacity.

The stem is tightened near the handlebar, and a section of the front fork called the head tube, which is inserted through the bottom of the head tube. A top cap is then squeezed into the head tube’s top to help hold it all together.

The front fork of a mountain bike probably has a few shock absorbers that form the front suspension. The front wheel is mounted on the front fork with an axle that is either a lightweight release skewer or a thru-axle. This axle is inserted through the wheel hub and tightened by hand.

The center is the part of the wheel in the center where all the spokes that go from the wheel to the rim are tied in place.

Two-part disc brake system:

The brake actuator is mounted on the front fork, and the disc brake itself is mounted on the hub.

Quickly inspected, the stool, also known as the saddle, is mounted on the stool post inserted into the stool tube of the bicycle frame.

Moving on to the most complex system of elements on any bike, we have the transmission.

Starting with your body’s endpoints of contact, the first two are the handlebars/grips and the stool. See how the drive train is an interconnected mechanism designed to propel you forward.

The pedals are mounted on two long pieces of metal called connecting rods.

The crank arms are connected by an axle that is inserted through the frame into the bottom bracket.

One of the parts of bike gears, commonly called crankset, is mounted on the axle using a separate spider or inside, arms that are seen running from the center of the axle and screwed to the crankset.

The chain is screwed near the chainrings and passes through a few derailleurs at the front and rear.

Brake systems

There are several different types of brakes. On the other hand, we are only going to look at the four frequent ones. We will describe each variety of brake’s pros, cons, and primary uses under each type presented here.

Calliper Brake

This brake is one of the most common on today’s bikes.

It is vital, beautiful, credible, and comfortable. It works like a rim brake. What it does is press down on the metal rim. It’s the standard on all road bikes and most teenage cycles.

Cantilever brakes

Cantilever brakes are much more potent than caliper brakes.

Although a little is less aerodynamic. They are used with more excellent continuity on “cyclocross” bikes. These bikes are configured or designed for cyclocross racing, where a road bike runs over fast off-road terrain.

Cyclo-cross bikes have an enormous need for a more potent brake than the caliper level brakes can provide. A particular fork is needed to mount these brakes on a road bike.

Disc Brakes

Disc brakes are more potent than V-brakes and needless hand force to work. On the other hand, they are heavier. They are not a “rim brake” since they do not hold the rim but a “rotor” fixed to the hub.

These brakes work great on all-terrain roads. 

We’re talking about descents of about 65 miles per hour for 20 minutes straight with several turns. Disc brakes are immune to trail debris, water, and mud.

If a rider runs through a creek deep enough to soak/muddy the rotor, the hard pads will quickly remove water and mud from the rotor with their supernatural force and pressure.

All rim brakes with their rubber pads tend to harbor dust, sand, or mud in the (comparatively softer) rubber pads, causing their performance to slow down slightly in a higher speed circumstance.

In rare instances, disc brakes are more robust, more reliable in dirty environments, and are immune to heat (from friction caused by use).

Parts of Bike: FAQ

How do I know what parts to get for my bike?

Proceeding to a bike store to purchase a bike or have a bike set up nearby can be confusing; it’s as if the employees speak a different language.

There’s a lot of technical jargon on the planet of bicycles. The easy understanding of essential part names can help clear the air and make you feel more confident about riding your bike.

What is the essential part of a bike?

When you look at a bike, it’s simple to see that the frame is an essential part of this transport. The structure not only holds the whole bike together and makes it easier for you to sit and ride, but it also gives faith in the quality of the materials used.

What is the part of the bike that holds the chain?

The rear derailleur indeed diverts the chain from one cassette sprocket to the next.

It has a hanging leg that has two small tooth-like wheels mounted on its frame. This dependent thing keeps the chain tight so that it takes up all the added slack to prevent the chain from dragging the ground.

Having the gear levers in two giant gears, an extended chain length surrounds such huge backpacks. I’m rambling. The rear derailleur shifts when you say so.


Bicycles have always been a means of transportation. Over the years, they became more than that for many people. It is ideal to understand every part of your bike, and this will let you know how good it is and what you need to do better on it. Have caution with the components of a bike engine. Any wrong moves could leave you stranded somewhere. Just as the engine parts of the bike wheel are essential, you should always check them. Read best bike under 500 here.

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